Our research publications

St Andrew’s is a charity leading innovation in mental health. Research is one of our key objectives, and we have a duty to share this knowledge to benefit our patients and the wider public.

Our staff share their clinical expertise by publishing widely in a range of academic and professional publications and by presenting their work to their peers at conferences and events. Our most recent publications are listed below.

For more information on our research please contact Dr Chris Griffiths.

Recent published research 

Older adult compared to younger adult characteristics and outcomes at admission and discharge

Research publications for 2016

Alderman, N, Major, G, Brooks, J (2016) What can structured professional judgement tookls contribute to management of neurobehavioural disability? Predictive validity of the short-term assessment of risk and treatability (START) in acquired brain injury. Journal of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation.

Dolley, O, Gaylor, M, Long, C (2016) Getting the most from your treatment: Motivating engagement in women in medium secure forensic settings. Forensic Update.

Galappathie, N, Khan, S (2016) End-of-life care in psychiatry:'one chance to get it right'. BJPSych Bulletin.

Haw, C, Muthu-Veloe, A, Suett, M, Ibodor, O, Picchioni, M (2016) Monitoring antipsychotic side effects: a completed audit cycle conducted in a secure hospital. Journal of Forensic Practice.

Heer, K, Rose, J, Larkin, M (2016) The challenges of providing culturally competent care within a disability focused team: A phenomenological exploration of staff experiences. Journal of Transcultural Nursing.

Kanaan, R,, Allin, M, Picchioni, M, Shergill, S, McGuire, P (2016) White matter microstructural organization is higher with age in adult superior cerebellar peduncles. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

Long, C, Afford, M, Harris, M, Dolley, O (2016) Training in de-escalation. An effective alternative to restrictive interventions in a secure psychiatric service. Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care.

Mallas, EJ, Carletti, F, Chaddock C, Woolley, J, Picchioni, M (2016) Genome-wide discovered psychosis-risk gene ZNF804A impacts on white matter mircrostructure in health, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. PeerJ.

Morris, D, Brewer, R, Webb, A, Gray, N (2016) The evaluation of a Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) group with a detained female forensic population with a primary diagnosis of ASD: A pilot study. Forensic Update.

Murphy, P, Mason, F (2016) Psychological effects of rape and serious sexual assault. Book Chapter. Sexual Offence, Law and Practice.

Muhammed, G, Faruqui, R (2016) Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in the aftermath of wars, conflicts and terrorism: Co-relation between countries GDP and prevalence of PTSD. Journal of Psychology and Clinical Psychiatry.

Oakley, C, Harris, S, Fahy, T, Murphy, D, Picchioni, M (2016) Childhood adversity and conduct disorder: a development pathway to violence in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research.

O'Shea, L, Dickens, G (2016) Role of assessment components and recent adverse outcomes in risk estimation and prediction: Use of the START in an adult secure inpatient mental health service. Psychiatry Research.

O'Shea, L, Picchioni, M, Dickens, G (2016) The predictive validity of the Short-term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) for multiple adverse outcomes in a secure psychiatric inpatient setting. Assessment.

Robinson, L, Escopri, N, Stenfert Kroese, B, Rose, J (2016) The subjective experience of adults with intellectual disabilities who have mental health problems within community settings. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities.

Rose, J et al (2016) Assessment of anger-related cognitions of people with intellectual disabilities. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy.

Rose, J et al (2016) A Quantisation of cognitive learning process by computer graphics-games: towards more efficient learning models. Open Access Library Journal (Psychology).

Rose, J, Unwin, G, Deb, S (2016) Carer and Family perspectives. Psychiatric and Behavioural Disorders in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.

Shead, J, Rose, J, Scott, H (2016) Investigating predictors and moderators of burnout in staff working in services for people with intellectual disabilities. The role of emotional intelligence, exposure to violence and self efficacy. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities.

Sen, P (2016) Themed editorial: Mental health needs of Asylum-Seekers and Refugees - challenges and solutions. BJPsych International.

Unwin, G, Larkin, M, Rose, J, Kroese, B, Malcolm, S (2016) Developing resources to facilitate culturally-sensitive service planning and delivery - Doing research inclusively with people with intellectual disabilities. Research Involvement and Engagement.

Zhang, R, Allen, P, Picchioni, M, Toulopoulou, T (2016) Working memory in healthy relatives of patients with schizophrenia: a meta-analysis of fMRI studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin.

Research publications for 2015

Buchanan, A (2015) Respect for dignity and forensic psychiatry. International Journal of Law Pschiatry.

Budisavljevic, S, Dell'Acqua, F, Rijsdijk, F. V, Kane, F, Picchioni, M (2015) Age-related differences and heritability of the perisylvian language networks.                         

Delmage, E, Exworthy, T, Blackwood, N (2015) The 'Hybrid Order': origins and usage. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. Journal of Neuroscience.

Gunenc, C, O'Shea, L, Dickens, G (2015) Prevalence and predictors of verbal aggression in a secure mental health service: Use of hte HCR-20. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing.

Hallett, N, Dickens, G (2015) De-escalation: A survey of clinical staff in a secure mental health inpatient service. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing.

Haw, C, Casey, D, Holmes, J, Hawton, K (2015) Suicidal intent and method of self-harm: A large-scale study of self-harm patients presenting to a general hospital. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.

Haw, C, Hawton, K, Gunnell, D, Platt, S (2015) Economic recession and suicidal behaviour: Possible mechanisms and ameliorating factors. International Journal of Social Psychiatry.

Haw, C, Hawton, K (2015) Suicide and self-harm by drowning: a review of the literature. Archives of Suicide Research.

Haw, C, Shears, J (2015) An audit of social circumstances reports for first-tier tribunals in a secure psychiatric service. Practice: Social Work in Action.

Heer, K, Larkin, M, Rose, J (2015) The experiences of British South Asian carers caring for a child with developmental disabilities in the UK. Tizard Learning Disability Review, 20 (4), 228 -238.

Heer, K, Rose, J, Larkin, M, Singhal, N (2015) The experiences of mothers caring for a child with developmental disabilities: A cross cultural perspective. International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, 8 (4).                                                    

Larkin, M, Unwin, G, Kroese, B, Rose, J (2015) Meeting the support needs of people from minority ethnic groups. Community Care.

Lees Warley, G, Rose, J (2015) What does the evidence tell us about people with low intellectual functioning who set fires? A systematic review. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities.

Long, C, Banyard, E, Dolley, O (2015) Living with mental illness. A cognitive behavioural group psycho education programme with women in secure settings. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy.

Long, C, West, R, Afford, M, Collins, L, Dolley, O (2015) Reducing the use of seclusion in a secure service for women. Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care.

Long, C, Siddique, R, Rigg, S, Banyard, E, Stillman, S, Bailey, S (2015) Screening for incontinence in a secure psychiatric service for women. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing.

Long, C, Dolley, O, Hollin, C (2015) Treatment progress in medium security hospital settings for women: changes in symptoms, personality and service need from admission to discharge. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health.

Long C. G, Fitzgerald K, Hollin C. R (2015) Women firesetters admitted to secure psychiatric services: characteristics and treatment needs. Victims and Offenders.

Malcolm, C, Picchioni, M, Ellett, L (2015) Intrusive prospective imagery, post-trauma intrusions and anxiety in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research.

Montenegro, M (2015) Sexuality and diversity training in clinical psychology courses in the UK. Clinical Psychology Forum.

Montenegro, M (2015) Evaluating 'FREDA challenge': a coproduced human rights board game in services for people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities.

O'Connell, Jackie, Reffin, C (2015) Growing Up, Sex and Me.   

O'Donoghue, T, Shine, J, Orimalde, O (2015) Characteristics of referrals and admissions to a medium secure ASD unit.

O'Shea, L, Picchioni, M, McCarthy, J, Mason, F, Dickens, G (2015) Predictive validiy of the HCR-20 for inpatient aggression: the effect of intellectual disability on accuracy. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research.

O'Shea, L, Dickens, G (2015) Predictive validity of the START for agression and self-harm in a secure mental health service: Gender differences. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health.

O'Shea, L, Dickens, G (2015) Predictive validity of the START for unauthorised leave and substance abuse in a secure mental health setting: a pseudo-prospective cohort study. International Journal of Nursing Studies.

O'Shea, L, Dickens, G (2015) Contribution of protective factors assessment to risk prediction: Systematic review and meta-analysis. European Psychiatry.

O'Shea, L, Thaker, D-K, Picchioni, M, Mason, F (2015) Predictive validity of the HCR-20 for violent and non-violent sexual behaviour in a secure mental health service.

Outa, C, Rose, J (2015) Is there a relationship between Role-Identity, work demands, and burnout in direct care staff working with individuals with intellectual disabilities? (In Press)                            

Penny, C and Exworthy, T (2015) A gilded cage is still a cage: Cheshire West widens 'deprivation of liberty'. British Journal of Psychiatry.

Rose, J et al (2015) Managers' views of the effects of their service of hosting a cognitive-behavioural anger management group. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities.

Rose, J, Nelson, L (2015) A Preliminary Exploration of the Challenging Behaviour Perception Questionnaire:  A Measure of Parental Cognitions about Challenging Behaviour. (In Press)

Rose, J et al (2015) Cognitive behavioural anger management intervention for people with intellectual disabilities: cost of intervention and impact on health and social care resourse use. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research.

Rose, J, Golding, N (2015) Exploring the attitudes and knowledge of support workers towards individuals with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities.           

Sami, M. B, Faruqui, R. A (2015) The effectiveness of dopamine agonists for treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms post brain injury and stroke  International Journal of Translational Neuropsychiatry.

Sen, P, Lindsey, S, Chatterjee, N, Rama-Iyer, R, Picchioni, M (2015) An Audit of the quality of HCR-20 violence risk assessments in a Low Secure Service.

Shead, J, Rose, J, Scott, H (2015) Investigating predictors and moderators of burnout in staff working in services for people with intellectual disabilities: The role of emotional intelligence, exposure to violence and self efficacy.                              

Shears, J, Maher, S (2015) Social Work with people whose symptoms of psychosis have a somatic cause - reflections from practice.          

Staniforth, C, Griffin, Y (2015) Intellectual Disabilities and ASD. Book Chapter in 'Young people in forensic mental health settings:psychological thinking and practice.

Zyrianova, Y, Alexander, L, Faruqui, R (2015) Neuropsychiatric presentations and outcomes in children and adolescents with primary brain tumours: Systemic review.

Research publications for 2014

Baker, F, Harwood, R, Adams, M, Baker, C, Long, C (2014) Following up the outcomes of a CBT-based substance misuse intervention for men in a secure psychiatric setting. Forensic Update, 115, 52-58.

Bradley, K, Shine, J, Morland, R (2014) Future directions for forensic practice in the community. In Ashmore, Z,  Shuker, R (eds) Forensic Practice in the Community. UK: Routledge.

Clark, C.J, Fox, E, Long, C.G (2014) Can teaching staff about the neurobiological underpinnings of borderline personality disorder instigate attitudinal change? Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care. doi:10.1017/S1742646414000132 (In Press).

De Bernier, G.-L, Kim, Y.-R, Sen, P (2014) A systematic review of the global prevalence of personality disorders in adult Asian populations. Personality and Mental Health, 8 (4), 264-275.

Dickens, G, Suesse, M, Snyman, P, Picchioni, M (2014) Associations between ward climate and patient characteristics in a secure forensic mental health service. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 25 (2), 195-211.

Ellison, L, Munro, V, Hohl, K, Wallang, P (2014) Challenging criminal justice? Psychosocial disability and rape victimisation. Criminology and Criminal Justice. doi: 10.1177/1748895814543535 (In Press).

Exworthy, T (2014) Inquiries after Homicide. In Gunn, J, Taylor, P (eds) Forensic Psychiatry: Clinical, Legal and Ethical Issues (2nd Edition). Florida: CRC Press.

Forrester A, MacLennan F, Slade K, Brown, P, Exworthy, T (2014) Improving access to psychological therapies in prisons. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 24, 163–168.

Forrester, A, Singh, J, Slade, K, Exworthy, T, Sen, P (2014) Mental health in-reach in an urban UK remand prison. International Journal of Prisoner Health, 10, 155-163.

Fox, E, Krawcyk, K, Staniford, J, Dickens, G (2014) A service evaluation of a 1-year Dialectical Behaviour Therapy programme for women with Borderline Personality Disorder in a low secure unit. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. doi:10.1017/S1352465813001124 (In Press).

Galappathie, N, Khan, S Clozapine-associated pneumonia and respiratory arrest secondary to severe constipation. (2014) Medicine, Science and the Law, 54 (2), 105-109.

Galappathie, N, Seth, V, Begum, A (2014) Clozapine re-trial in a patient with repeated life threatening pneumonias. Acta Biomedica, 85 (2), 175-179.

Gunasekaran, S (2014) Pragmatic Language Deficits in Asperger’s Syndrome: Review of Pathology and Effective Treatments in Adults. International Journal of Speech & Language Pathology and Audiology, 2 (2), 95-100.

Hallett, N, Huber, J, Dickens, G.L (2014) Violence prevention in inpatient psychiatric settings: Systematic review of studies about the perceptions of care staff and patients. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 19, 502-514.

Harris, S.T, Oakley, C, Picchioni, M (2014) A systematic review of the association between attributional bias/interpersonal style, and violence in schizophrenia/psychosis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19, 235–241

Haw, C, Hawton, K (2014) Suicide is a complex behaviour in which mental disorder usually plays a central role. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 49 (1), 13-15.

Haw, C, Hawton, K. Gunnell, D, Platt, S (2014) Economic recession and suicidal behaviour: Possible mechanisms and ameliorating factors. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 61 (1) 73-81.

Haw, C, Stubbs, J, Dickens, G (2014) Medicines management: an interview study of nurses at a secure psychiatric hospital. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jan.12495 (In Press).

Haw, C, Stubbs, J, Dickens, G (2014) Verbal orders: are you up to date with current guidance? British Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 3 (1), 33-36.

Haw, C, Stubbs, J, Dickens, G.L (2014) Nurses’ Views About Unlicensed and Off-license Medicines in Forensic Mental Health. Journal of Forensic Practice, 16 (3), 194-202.

Haw, C, Stubbs, J, Dickens, G.L (2014) Barriers to the reporting of medication administration errors and near misses: an interview study of nurses at a psychiatric hospital. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 21 (9), 797-805.

Haw, C, Wolstencroft, L (2014) The administration of 'as required' sedative medication at a secure psychiatric hospital. British Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 3 (2), 81-85.

Haw, C, Wolstencroft, L (2014) A study of the use of sedative PRN medication in patients at a secure hospital. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 25, 307-320.

Haw, C, Wolstencroft, L (2014) A study of the prescription and administration of sedative PRN medication to older adults at a secure hospital. International Psychogeriatrics, 26, 943-951.

Hawton, K, Haw, C, Casey, D, Bale, L, Brand, F, Rutherford, D (2014) Self-harm in Oxford, England: epidemiological and clinical trends, 1996-2010. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. doi: 10.1007/s00127-014-0990-1 (In Press).

Kanaan, R.A, Chaddock, C, Allin, M, Picchioni, M.M, Daly, E, Shergill, S.S, McGuire, P.K (2014) Gender influence on white matter microstructure: a tract-based spatial statistics analysis. PLoS ONE, 9 (3), e91109.

Kelbrick, M, Abdaldayim, S, Picchioni, M (2014) Blood pressure monitoring in psychiatric inpatients with bipolar affective disorder. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry, 18, 11-15.

Kelbrick, M, Picchioni, M (2014) Diabetes screening in elderly psychiatric inpatients. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 29, 1097-1098.

Lee, S, West, R (2014) Cognitive approaches to intervention. In Bryant, B, Fieldhouse, J, Bannigan, K (eds) Creeks Occupational Therapy and Mental Health (5th ed.) London: Churchill Livingstone.

Long, C.G, Anagnostakis, K, Banyard, E, Silaule, P, Dolley, O (2014) Patient and staff experience of award based risk management system. Forensic Update, 113, 7-18.

Long, C.G, Bell, N, Carr, A, Cairns, L, Webb, A, Collins, L (2014) The benefits of environmental change in a secure service for people with intellectual disabilities. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 8, 309-320.

Long, C, Dickens, G, Dolley, O (2014) Features and motivators of emotionally expressive firesetters: The assessment of women in secure psychiatric settings. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 4, 129-142.

Long, C.G, Dolley, O Hollin, C.R (2014) Personality disordered women in secure care: a treatment evaluation. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 4 (1), 44-58.

Long, C.G, Fulton, B, Dolley, O (2014) Using psychoeducation to motivate engagement for women with personality disorder in secure settings. Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care. doi:10.1017/S1742646413000344 (In Press).

Long, C.G, Harding, S, Payne, K, Collins, L (2014) Nursing and healthcare assistant experience of supervision in a medium secure service for women. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 21 (2), 154-162.

Long, C, Mason, F (2014) Improving health and wellbeing in women’s secure services: physical activity, appearance, self-care and body image. Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care, 7 (4) (In Press).

Long, C.G, Rowell, A, Gayton, A, Hodgson, E, Dolley, O (2014) Tackling obesity and its complications in secure settings. Mental Health Review Journal, 19 (1), 37-46.

Mason, F (2014) Psychological Effects of Rape and Serious Sexual Assault. In Rook, P, Ward, R (eds) Rook & Ward on Sexual Offences: Law & Practice: 1st Supplement (4th Edition). UK: Sweet & Maxwell.

Mitchell, A.E, Dickens G.L, Picchioni, M.M (2014) Facial emotion processing in Borderline Personality Disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuropsychology Review, 24, 166-184.

Murphy, P (2014) Analysis of the Payment by Results Policy for Mental Health in England. Journal of Clinical Research and Governance, 3, 2-8.

Murphy, P, Exworthy, T (2014) Mental Health and the Law. In Myers, G, Gardner, M, Boursicot, K, Sales, D (eds) Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Niedzwiedz, C, Haw, C, Hawton, K, Platt, S (2014) The Definition and Epidemiology of Clusters of Suicidal Behavior: A Systematic Review. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 44 (5), 569-581.

O’Shea, L.E, Dickens, G.L (2014) Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START): Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Psychological Assessment, 26 (3), 990-1002.

O’Shea, L, Mason, F, Picchioni, M, Dickens, G.L (2014) EPA-0442 – All things being equal? Predictive validity of the HCR-20 among heterogenous groups of secure psychiatric inpatients. European Psychiatry, 29 supplement 1. doi: 10.1016/S0924-9338(14)77861-7

O'Shea L.O, Picchioni, M.M, Mason, F, Sugarman, P.A, Dickens, G.L (2014) Predictive validity of the HCR-20 for inpatient self-harm. Comprehensive Psychiatry. doi 10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.07.010 (In Press).

O’Shea, L.O, Picchioni, M.M, Mason, F, Sugarman, P.A, Dickens, G.L (2014) Differential predictive validity of HCR-20 for inpatient aggression. Psychiatry Research, 220 (1-2), 669-678.

Parkes, J.H, Pyer, M, Ward, A, Doyle, C, Dickens, G.L (2014) ‘Going into the unknown’: Experiences of male patients in secure settings during environmental transition. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. doi: 10.1111/inm.12088 (In Press).

Picchioni, M, Dickens, G (2014) EPA-0469 – Translating HCR-20 risk assessment into evidence based risk management. European Psychiatry, 29 supplement 1. doi: 10.1016/S0924-9338(14)77880-0

Picchioni, M (2014) Special interview situations. In Owen, G, Wessely, S & Murray, R (eds) The Maudsley Handbook of Practical Psychiatry (6th Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rose, A, Beech, A, Long, C.G, Wheatley, M, Hordor, L (2014) Accreditation of first cross-divisional doctorate. The Psychologist, 27 (3), 186.

Roychowdhury, A, Adshead, G (2014) Violence risk assessment as a medical intervention: ethical tensions. (2014) Psychiatric Bulletin, 38 (2), 75-82.

Sen, P, Exworthy, T, Forrester, A (2014) Mental Health care for foreign national prisoners in England and Wales. Journal of Mental Health. doi:10.3109/09638237.2014.951480

Sher, M, Gralton, E (2014) Implementation of the START:AV in a secure adolescent service. Journal of Forensic Practice, 16 (3), 184-193.

Sherwood, W, Trott, S, Jeffries, L (2014) Putting the ‘O’ back in to OT’. OT News, March 2014, 46–47.

Till, A, Exworthy, T, Forrester, A (2014) Integration and offender mental health. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology. doi: 10.1080/14789949.2014.960440 (In Press).

Till, A, Forrester, A, Exworthy, T (2014) The development of equivalence as a mechanism to improve prison healthcare. Journal of The Royal Society of Medicine, 107, 179-182.

Vickerstaff, R (2014) Let me in. OT News, July 2014, 40–41.

Research publications for 2013

Abdy, D (2013) Meeting Report - Libraries for Nursing Winter Study Day: marketing your service with a limited budget and limited time. CILIP Health Libraries Group Newsletter, 30, 15-16.

Banham-Hall, N, Kothwal, K, Pipkin, J, Bentley, J, Dickens, G (2013) Prevalence of low bone mineral density in inpatients with traumatic brain injury receiving neurobehavioural rehabilitation: a postoperative, observational study. Physiotherapy, 99, 328-334.

Barkham, E, Gunasekaran, S, Lovelock, C (2013) Medium secure care: forensic aspects of autism and Asperger's syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and offending behaviour, 4 (1/2), 9-16.

Chaplin, E, McCarthy, J, Underwood, L (2013) Autism spectrum conditions and offending: an introduction to the special edition. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and offending behaviour, 4 (1/2), 5-8.

Chu, E, Shah, R, Al-Salihy, Z (2013) Working as a doctor in the third sector. BMJ Careers. http://careers.bmj.com/careers/advice/view-article.html?id=20014003

Delmage, E (2013) The Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility: A Medico-legal Perspective. Youth Justice Journal, 13, 102-110.

Dickens, G, O'Shea, L, Mason, F, Picchioni, M (2013) All things being equal? Predictive validity of the HCR-20 among heterogeneous groups of secure psychiatric inpatients. In Callaghan, P, Oud, N, Bjorngaard, J.H. et al (eds) Proceedings of the 8th European Congress on Violence in Clinical Psychiatry.

Dickens, G, Piccirillo, M, Alderman, N (2013) Causes and management of aggression and violence in a forensic mental health service: perspectives of nurses and patients. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 22, 532-544.

Dickens, G.L, Staniford, J, Long, C.G (2013) Smoking behaviour, motives, motivation to quit and self-efficacy among patients in a secure mental health service: comparison with staff controls. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 21 (6), 483-490.

Fitzgerald, K, Wakeland, E (2013) A pilot investigation on the use of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) with adult inpatient males with a primary diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Forensic Update, 109, 11-18.

Flomen, R, Shaikh, M, Walshe, M, Schulze, K, Hall, M, Picchioni, M, Rijsdijk, F, Toulopoulou, T, Kravariti, J, Murray, R, Makoff, A, Bramon, E (2013). Association between the 2-bp deletion polymorphism in the duplicated version of the alpha7 nicotinic receptor gene and P50 sensory gating.

European Journal of Human Genetics, 21, 76–81.

Forrester A, Exworthy, T, Olumoroti, O, Sessay, M, Parrott, J, Spencer, S.J, Whyte, S (2013) Variations in prison mental health services in England and Wales. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 36, 326-332.

Frogley, C, Anagnostakis, K, Mitchell, S, F, Mason, Taylor, D, Dickens, G, Picchioni, M (2013) A case series of clozapine for borderline personality disorder.  Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 25, 125-134.

Galappathie, N, Harsh, R, Thomas, M, Begum, A, Kelly, D (2013) Patients awareness of the mental health tribunal and capacity to make requests. The Psychiatrist, 37, 363-366.

Hallett, N, (2013) What are we doing to de-escalate? Inpatient staff views on de-escalation. In Callaghan, P, Oud, N, Bjorngaard, J.H. et al (eds) Proceedings of the 8th European Congress on Violence in Clinical Psychiatry.

Hallett, N, Huber, J.W, Dickens, G (2013) Patient involvement in planning for the prevention and management of aggression and violence: an audit study. In Callaghan, P, Oud, N, Bjorngaard, J.H. et al (eds) Proceedings of the 8th European Congress on Violence in Clinical Psychiatry.

Harris, S, Oakley, C, Picchioni, M (2013) Quantifying Violence in Mental Health Research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18 (6), 695-701.

Haw, C, Hawton, K, Niedzwiedz, C, Platt, S (2013) Suicide clusters: a review of risk factors and mechanisms. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 43, 97-108.

Haw, C, Radley, J, Cooke, L (2013) Characteristics of male autistic spectrum patients in low security: are they different from non-autistic low secure patients? Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and offending behaviour, 4 (1/2), 24-32.

Hawton, K, Casanas, I, Comabella, C, Haw, C, Saunders, K (2013) Risk factors for suicide in individuals with depression: a systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 147, 17-28.

Hawton, K, Saunders, K.E.A, Topiwala, A, Haw, C (2013) Psychiatric disorders in patients presenting to hospital following self-harm: a systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 151, 821-830.

Kelbrick, M, Picchioni, M (2013) Plasma glucose monitoring in psychiatric in-patients with a primary affective disorder. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry, 17, 11-16.

Kolla, N.J, Malcolm, C, Attard, S, Arenovich, T, Blackwood, N, Hodgins, S (2013) Childhood maltreatment and aggressive behaviour in violent offenders with psychopathy. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 58 (8), 487-94.

Long, C G (2013) Delivery of effective cognitive behavioural group treatment for women in secure psychiatric settings. Journal of Forensic Practice, 15, 55-67.

Long, C.G, Fulton, B, Dolley, O (2013) Developing social confidence in women in secure settings. Clinical Psychology Forum, 245, 32-38.

Long, C, Fulton, B, Dolley, O (2013) Group treatment for interpersonal effectiveness: a study of women in a medium secure psychiatric hospital. Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care, 9, 27-32.

Long, C.G, Gayton, A, Rowell, A (2013) Physical activity in secure psychiatric wards: Development and application of the Active Ward Checklist. Forensic Update, 112, 19-27.

Long, C G, Harding, S, Payne, K, Collins, L (2013) Nursing and health-care assistant experience of supervision in a medium secure psychiatric service for women: implications for service development. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 21 (2), 154-162.

Long, C.G, Krawcyk, K.M, Kenworthy, N.E (2013) Assessing the sexual knowledge of women in secure settings: The development of a new screening measure. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 41, 40-48.

Long, C, Rowell, A, Rose, C, Dolley, O (2013) Are eating disorder patients in secure hospitals getting a fair deal? A survey of the prevalence and nature of the problem. Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care, 9, 40-48.

Maulik, P.K, Harbour, C.K, McCarthy, J (2013) Epidemiology. In Tsakanikos, E. & McCarthy, J (eds) Handbook of Psychopathology in Intellectual Disability: Research, Practice, and Policy. New York: Springer.

Murphy, P, Ajaz, A (2013) Timeliness of Second Opinion appointed doctors’ assessments of treatment plans for patients detained in two medium secure units in London. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 24 (3), 181-187.

Newman, C, Lander, R (2013) Assessing occupational change. Occupational Therapy News, 21 (4), 35.

O’ Shea, L.E, Mitchell, A.E, Picchioni, M.M, Dickens, G.L (2013) Moderators of the predictive efficacy of the Historical, Clinical and Risk management-20 for aggression in psychiatric facilities: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18, 255-270.

Oakley, C, Jenkinson, J, Oyebode, F (2013) Psychiatric training for the next generation. The Psychiatrist, 37, 25-29.

Oakley, C, Sugarman, P (2013) Improving your management skills to improve your clinical service. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 19, 108-114.

Oakley, C, West, E, Jones, I (2013) Academic training in psychiatry. The Psychiatrist, 37, 398-402.

Rahman, B, Alderman, N, Oliver, C (2013) Use of the structured descriptive assessment to identify possible functions of challenging behaviour exhibited by adults with brain injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 23 (4), 501-527.

Sugarman, P, Mitchell, A.E, Frogley, C, Dickens, G, Picchioni, M (2013) Off-license prescribing and regulation in psychiatry: current challenges require a new model of governance. Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 3 (4), 233-243.

Tsakanikos, E, McCarthy, J (2013) Tsakanikos, E. & McCarthy, J (eds) Handbook of Psychopathology in Intellectual Disability: Research, Practice, and Policy. New York: Springer.

Tsakanikos, E, McCarthy, J (2013) Psychopathology in Intellectual Disability: future directions in research and evidence based practice. In Tsakanikos, E. & McCarthy, J (eds) Handbook of Psychopathology in Intellectual Disability: Research, Practice, and Policy. New York: Springer.

Tyler, N, Gannon, T.A, Lockerbie, L, King, T, Dickens, G.L, De Burca, C (2013) A firesetting offense chain for mentally disordered offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 41, 512-530.

Underwood, L, Forrester, A, Chaplin, E, McCarthy, J (2013) Prisoners with neurodevelopmental disorders. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and offending behaviour, 4 (1/2), 17-23.

Wheatley, M, Long, C.G, Dolley, O (2013) Transitions of females from adolescent secure to adult secure services: A qualitative pilot study. Journal of Mental Health, 22, 207-217.